E03v curriculum development lesson 3 exam score 100 percent

      
Question 1
5 / 5 points
How does the appearance of a classroom impact learning and teaching?
Question options:
  
   
a) 
Parents are impressed with how a     place looks.
 
   
b) 
Children tend to imitate     behaviors they observe and they are more likely to maintain a clean and     orderly room, if the adults do it.
 
   
c) 
If materials are in     approximately the same area, children will be attracted to that area     without other prompts.
 
   
d) 
If all of the materials that the     children will use in a year are visible and available all of the time, the     curriculum will be enhanced.
 
Question 2
5 / 5 points
       
Which of the following attributes does NOT fit the behavior pattern of an authoritarian adult? The adult:
Question options:
  
   
a) 
has high expectations for     children’s behavior.
 
   
b) 
is flexible.
 
   
c) 
is detached.
 
   
d) 
expects unquestioning obedience.
 
Question 3
5 / 5 points
       
Mrs. Schmidt noticed that Jacob had cut his leg on some outdoor play equipment that had a rough edge. What is her responsibility in this matter?
Question options:
  
   
a) 
She should send him to the     office.
 
   
b) 
She should put on gloves and     apply first aid.
 
   
c) 
She should use gloves, apply     first aid, and comfort the child.
 
   
d) 
She should use gloves, apply     first aid, comfort the child, and report the need for equipment repair.
 
Question 4
5 / 5 points
       
When assessing the overall layout of a classroom, what two factors should be so clear that children’s movement behavior will be directly influenced?
Question options:
  
   
a) 
Boundaries and pathways
 
   
b) 
Location of large group area and     the teacher’s area
 
   
c) 
Size of the furnishings and the     numbers and locations of books
 
   
d) 
The amount of child accessible     storage and the presence of children’s art materials
 
Question 5
5 / 5 points
       
How do children learn moral reasoning?
Question options:
  
   
a) 
Listening to stories about     characters’ moral decision making
 
   
b) 
Making decisions to avoid     punishments or gain rewards
 
   
c) 
Observing decisions and the     consequences of decisions by peers
 
   
d) 
All of these strategies are     effective.
 
Question 6
5 / 5 points
       
Four-year-old Sara waits to take a second helping until everyone else has one. Her teacher says, “Sara, you waited to take more snack. Now you know that everyone got a chance to have some crackers. That was a kind thing to do.” What strategy did her teacher use?
Question options:
  
   
a) 
Positive consequences
 
   
b) 
Modeling
 
   
c) 
Direct instruction
 
   
d) 
Communicating expectations
 
Question 7
5 / 5 points
       
Which of the following reasons is LEAST likely to be one that children in the early childhood years use in determining that an action is bad?
Question options:
  
   
a) 
The action harms a person (e.g.,     hitting).
 
   
b) 
The action disrupts the social     order (e.g., not putting toys away).
 
   
c) 
The action violates people’s     rights (e.g., name calling).
 
   
d) 
The action damages property     (e.g., breaking something).
 
Question 8
5 / 5 points
       
Mrs. Garner wanted children to understand how people were housed in the community. All of the children in the classroom lived in suburban houses on large lots. Which materials and strategies would be most effective in helping them understand that others had different experiences?
Question options:
  
   
a) 
Photographs and pen and ink     drawings of community housing alternatives.
 
   
b) 
A field trip to an apartment     house and a mobile home, and having a large tent put up on the playground.
 
   
c) 
A storybook about houses around     the world, featuring those in Africa.
 
   
d) 
A furnished dollhouse, furnished     doll apartment house, and a small or toy tent in the classroom.
 
Question 9
5 / 5 points
       
How do you structure a self-sustaining activity?
Question options:
  
   
a) 
Just place new materials and     equipment in a space large enough for it.
 
   
b) 
Introduce the activity to a     small group who can then show other children how to do it.
 
   
c) 
Set limits so that children     behave properly when using materials new to them.
 
   
d) 
Go ahead with the activity that     had been planned as a guided learning activity and help the children out if     they have difficulty.
 
Question 10
5 / 5 points
       
Why use centers in early childhood settings?
Question options:
  
   
a) 
The instructional difficulties     related to individual and experiential differences are minimized.
 
   
b) 
Teacher planning and preparation     time is minimized, especially in the beginning.
 
   
c) 
It assures that all children     participate in the same things.
 
   
d) 
Once set up, there is little for     the teacher to do the rest of the year.
 
Question 11
5 / 5 points
       
Authoritative teachers do all of the following EXCEPT:
Question options:
  
   
a) 
explain why some behaviors are     appropriate and acceptable and others are not.
 
   
b) 
inform children of expectations.
 
   
c) 
encourage and reward certain     behaviors.
 
   
d) 
focus their comments to children     on what children have done wrong.
 
Question 12
5 / 5 points
       
Tracy is surrounded by permissive adults. Over time, what does the research say she will probably be like?
Question options:
  
   
a) 
Affectionate
 
   
b) 
Compliant
 
   
c) 
Independent
 
   
d) 
Anxious
 
Question 13
5 / 5 points
       
The best strategy in reducing the level of sound in the classroom where children are engaging appropriately in center learning is to do what?
Question options:
  
   
a) 
Set rules so children must     remain quiet.
 
   
b) 
Add carpet, cushions, corkboard     or other soft materials.
 
   
c) 
Limit movement of the children     to a few at a time.
 
   
d) 
Use more whole group     instruction.
 
Question 14
5 / 5 points
       
Ms. Rosario was concerned about monitoring the progress of individual children in the second-grade classroom. What would be the best advice to give her?
Question options:
  
   
a) 
Use centers only for exploration     and practice.
 
   
b) 
Give a test periodically to see     if the children have achieved according to the standards set.
 
   
c) 
Use a participation chart     periodically.
 
   
d) 
Develop a “have-to”     center and ask children to check with her once they have completed the     tasks therein.
 
Question 15
5 / 5 points
       
When deciding what rules to make for the classroom, teachers should ask themselves which of the following questions? 
I. “Is the child’s behavior irritating to me?”II. “Is the child’s behavior violating someone’s rights?”III. “Is the child’s behavior unsafe?”IV. “Is the child’s behavior damaging to property?” 
Question options:
  
   
a) 
I and II
 
   
b) 
I, II, and III
 
   
c) 
I, II, III, and IV
 
   
d) 
II, III, and IV
 
Question 16
5 / 5 points
       
Loretta slams the keys on the computer very roughly after being told to push them more gently. What would be a logical consequence?
Question options:
  
   
a) 
A key breaks.
 
   
b) 
Five minutes deducted from     recess
 
   
c) 
Loretta can only use the     computer with adult assistance.
 
   
d) 
Loretta must leave the area.
 
Question 17
5 / 5 points
       
Mr. Davidson cordoned off a section of the school grounds as a nature study area featuring plants that grow naturally in the region. What is the BEST educational response to the question: “Why have the children not planted a formal flower garden?”
Question options:
  
   
a) 
This portion of the playground     wasn’t getting much use anyway.
 
   
b) 
This area gives children a     first-hand opportunity to study plants, insects, and small animals typical     of the region.
 
   
c) 
Children like to be outdoors.
 
   
d) 
Natural habitats are less     expensive to maintain than formal flower beds.
 
Question 18
5 / 5 points
       
Which of the following statements is NOT a criterion for the establishment of an effective center? 
Question options:
  
   
a) 
The center contributes to the     long-range goals of the program. 
 
   
b) 
The activity is the best use of     the children’s time.
 
   
c) 
The activity is a cute and     appealing one to do.
 
   
d) 
The materials and methods used     are well-matched to the children’s interests and developmental levels.
 
Question 19
5 / 5 points
       
Which of the following statements is a characteristic of preschool-age children’s thinking?
Question options:
  
   
a) 
Children’s notions of cause and     effect are based on mature concepts.
 
   
b) 
Children know what is right, but     often choose not to do it.
 
   
c) 
Children’s thinking about right     and wrong is well-established.
 
   
d) 
Children’s thinking is     characterized by centration.
 
Question 20
5 / 5 points
       
If a group of young children are all the same race, how would this influence the selection of materials?
Question options:
  
   
a) 
Only materials that are     consistent with that race should be provided.
 
   
b) 
Books and materials that     honorably represent all races should be provided.
 
   
c) 
The focus should be on materials     and books from the countries and cultures from which the children     descended.
 
   
d) 
The background of the children     is not relevant and should not influence the selection of materials.

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