Econ201 midterm exam score 100 percent

  
Quiz
Top of Form
Question 1 (5 points)
Economics is the study of:
Question 1 options:
  
increasing the level of productive   resources so there is maximum output in society.
 
increasing the level of productive   resources so there is a minimum level of income.
 
how people,   institutions, and society make choices under conditions of scarcity.
 
the efficient use of scarce   resources paid for at the minimum level of cost to consumers and businesses.
Question 2 (5 points)
Which of the following is not a central focus of the “economic perspective”?
Question 2 options:
  
Scarcity and choice.
 
The scientific   method.
 
Purposeful behavior.
 
Marginal analysis.
Question 3 (5 points)
The satisfaction or pleasure one gets from consuming a good or service is:
Question 3 options:
  
price.
 
utility.
 
consumption.
 
preferences.
Question 4 (5 points)
The private ownership of property resources and use of prices to direct and coordinate economic activity is characteristic of:
Question 4 options:
  
a command system.
 
a market system.
 
communism.
 
socialism.
Question 5 (5 points)
Which statement best describes a capitalist economy?
Question 5 options:
  
The production of goods and   services is determined primarily by markets, but the allocation of goods and   services is determined primarily by government.
 
The production of goods and   services is determined primarily by government, but the allocation of goods   and services is determined primarily by markets.
 
The production and   allocation of goods and services is determined primarily through markets.
 
The production and allocation of   goods and services is determined primarily through government.
Question 6 (5 points)
Capitalism is an economic system that:
Question 6 options:
  
produces more capital goods than   consumer goods.
 
produces more consumer goods than   capital goods.
 
gives the government the right to   tax individuals and corporations.
 
private individuals   and corporations the right to own productive resources.
Question 7 (5 points)
In a market system, well-defined property rights are important because they:
Question 7 options:
  
reduce unnecessary investment.
 
limit destructive economic growth.
 
create economic problems.
 
encourage economic   activity.
Question 8 (5 points)
If two goods are complements:
Question 8 options:
  
they are consumed independently.
 
an increase in the price of one   will increase the demand for the other.
 
a decrease in the   price of one will increase the demand for the other.
 
they are necessarily inferior   goods.
Question 9 (5 points)
When the price of a product is increased 10 percent, the quantity demanded decreases 15 percent. In this range of prices, demand for this product is:
Question 9 options:
  
elastic.
 
inelastic.
 
cross-elastic.
 
unitary elastic.
Question 10 (5 points)
Demand can be said to be inelastic when:
Question 10 options:
  
an increase in price results in a   reduction in total revenue.
 
a reduction in price results in an   increase in total revenue.
 
a reduction in price   results in a decrease in total revenue.
 
the elasticity coefficient exceeds   one.
Question 11 (5 points)
Economic growth is shown by a shift of the production possibilities curve outward and to the right.
Question 11 options:
  
True
 
False
Question 12 (5 points)
The four factors of production are land, labor, capital, and government services.
Question 12 options:
  
True
 
False
Question 13 (5 points)
If demand increases and supply simultaneously decreases, equilibrium price will rise.
Question 13 options:
  
True
 
False
Question 14 (5 points)
Property rights have a positive effect in a market economy because they encourage owners to maintain their property.
Question 14 options:
  
True
 
False
Question 15 (5 points)
In the price range where demand is inelastic, a decrease in price will result in a decrease in total revenue.
Question 15 options:
  
True
 
False
Question 16 (5 points)
Price elasticity of supply decreases the longer the time period.
Question 16 options:
  
True
 
False
Question 17 (5 points)
Toothpaste and toothbrushes are substitute goods.
Question 17 options:
  
True
 
False
Question 18 (5 points)
A government-set price ceiling will lower equilibrium price and quantity in a market.
Question 18 options:
  
True
 
False
Demand for Shirts

Question 19 (5 points)
(Exhibit: Demand for Shirts) The price elasticity of demand for the segment AB is: 
Question 19 options:
  
-13
 
-11
 
-0.91
 
-0.1
Question 20 (5 points)
(Exhibit: Demand for Shirts) The price elasticity of demand for the segment BC is: 
Question 20 options:
  
greater than 3.33 (absolute   value). 
 
-3.33. 
 
-3. 
 
-0.33. 
Question 21 (5 points)
(Exhibit: Demand for Shirts) The price elasticity of demand for the segment CD is: 
Question 21 options:
  
greater than 1   (absolute value). 
 
-1. 
 
-0.71. 
 
-0.29. 
Markets and Efficiency

Question 22 (5 points)
(Exhibit: Markets and Efficiency) In panel (a): 
Question 22 options:
  
the price of apples is $0.80 and   the quantity demanded is Q1. 
 
the equilibrium price ensures that   quantity demanded will match quantity supplied. 
 
the equilibrium price ensures that   there will be neither surpluses nor shortages. 
 
all of the above are   true. 
Question 23 (5 points)
(Exhibit: Markets and Efficiency) The equilibrium price in Panel (a) tells us that the marginal cost of a pound of apples is: 
Question 23 options:
  
less than $0.80. 
 
equal to $0.80. 
 
greater than $0.80. 
 
equal to the average cost of   producing apples. 
Question 24 (5 points)
(Exhibit: Markets and Efficiency) The price and marginal cost in Panel(a) are equal because of: 
Question 24 options:
  
the marginal   decision rule. 
 
the law of demand. 
 
the law of supply. 
 
the law of increasing cost. 
Question 25 (5 points)
(Exhibit: Markets and Efficiency) What is the marginal benefit to a producer of an extra pound of apples in Panel (a)? 
Question 25 options:
  
It is the price the   producer receives. 
 
It is the price the consumer   receives. 
 
It is the price the producer pays.   
 
It is all of the above. 
Question 26 (5 points)
(Exhibit: Markets and Efficiency) What is the marginal cost of an extra pound of apples to a producer in Panel(a)? 
Question 26 options:
  
It is greater than the price. 
 
It is the value that   must be given up to produce an extra pound of apples. 
 
It must be less than the price. 
 
It is the cost of the least satisfactory   apples. 
Question 27 (5 points)
(Exhibit: Markets and Efficiency) In Panel (b) demand shifted from D1 to D2, reflecting a change in consumer preferences. The price of apples will change to the new equilibrium price: 
Question 27 options:
  
where the marginal benefit of   apples is again equal to the marginal cost. 
 
of $0.70. 
 
where an efficient solution is   again achieved. 
 
that is described by   all of the above. 
Question 28 (20 points)
What effect on the price elasticity of demand for commuter rail is there likely to be from a decrease in the price of gasoline? Explain your answer.
ANSWER 28
Decrease in price of gasoline will increase use of personal vehicles as people will find it cheaper and more comfortable to use personal vehicle. Personal vehicles and commuter rails are substitutes. Increase in use of personal vehicles will reduce demand for commuter rail. Price of ticket of commuter rail does not vary with shirt-term fluctuations in the price of gasoline. So in short-term, demand for commuter rail will decrease. If price of gasoline remains low for long time, ticket price of commuter rail will fall and so demand for commuter rail will increase. 
The quantum of impact of change in price of gasoline on the demand of commuter rail is determined by cross-price elasticity of demand of commuter rail with respect to the price of gasoline. Cross-price elasticity between gasoline price and demand for commuter rail is about 0.2 (Nowak & Savage, 2013). So, change in price of gasoline will have small impact on the demand for commuter train. Positive cross-price elasticity shows that decrease in price of gasoline will lead to decline in demand for commuter train. For every 1% decrease in price of gasoline, demand for commuter train will decline by 0.2%. 
References
Nowak, W. P., & Savage, I. (2013). The cross elasticity between gasoline prices and transit use: Evidence from Chicago. Transport Policy. 29 (2013) 38–45.

Elite Writer Help
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.

Essays

Essay Writing Service

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.

Admissions

Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.

Reviews

Editing Support

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.

Reviews

Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.