I need some assistance with these assignment. further methods : topic: attitudes towards smoking Thank you in advance for the help!

I need some assistance with these assignment. further methods : topic: attitudes towards smoking Thank you in advance for the help! Further Research Methods: Topic: Attitudes Towards Smoking In most social setups, people’s attitude is essential in determination unhealthy behaviors such as smoking. Society members’ influence on smokers leads to the development of the latter’s positive attitude mainly as a reinforcing quality. Therefore, positive attitude towards smoking forms the driving force behind persistence of smoking behavior in the society. Research indicates that smokers attitude towards smoking is negative to neutral than positive. Lack of positive global attitudes suggests that other factors influence smoking behavior within the society. The paper will explain the implicit and explicit attitudes toward smoking within a society setup that consists of nonsmokers and smokers. It is imperative to understand that smoking also have effects on social and economic systems. Social and economic effects of smoking contribute to the negative attitude about smokers.

However, stigmatized characters of smoking contribute to explicit attitude measures undermined by self-presentational bias. Self-presentational bias could indicate that smokers remain influenced by positive global attitude towards smoking though they may be unwilling to accept. A hypothetical research on self-representation bias would complement self-report measures with indirect measures involving automatic associations. Automatic association measures provide a more precise reflection of attitudes sensitive to self-presentation concerns.

Smokers’ implicit attitudes toward smoking are more positive than in nonsmokers. However, pictorial and verbal smoking stimuli remained implicitly associated with negative attributes rather than positive. It is essential that habitual smokers’ attitudes towards smoking also influences individuals’ desire to continue smoking (Macy et al. 292).

At explicit levels, smokers normally display negative attitudes towards smoking though it may be less compared to nonsmokers. On the contrary, smokers’ global implicit attitude toward smoking remains negative rather than positive. However, there is existence of a neutral implicit attitude towards smoking cues (Vakeffliu et al. 3).

Society believes that smoking have detrimental effects on health. Believes have contributed to social attitude toward smoking that has significantly changed over the years. Social attitude towards smoking that is related to effects on health have led to educational campaigns aimed at enlightening the society. Consequently, the damaging effects of tobacco smoking have contributed to change in social attitudes.

Social attitude and perception about smoking have also impacted hugely among social groups. Most youths associates with others based on attitude towards smoking. Smokers tend to associate with fellow individuals while nonsmokers normally disassociate with the former. The youths form a social class that remains distant from other members of the society (Hennessy, Michael, et al. 721).

Society also views smoking as an immoral act that normally creates disgrace. Negative attitude towards smokers influences social behaviors such as marriage and associations. Most cultures do not allow their children to marry persons from smoking backgrounds. In addition, religious groups also have negative attitudes towards smokers. Such religious groups normally condemn smoking based on church doctrines (Do, Young Kyung, and Mary Ann Bautista 608).

Society normally limits smokers to particular areas such as public smoking houses to avoid their association with nonsmokers. Restricting smokers’ freedom explains the negative social attitude towards smoking. Social attitude also restricts smoking in other public places such as vehicles and airplanes. Such restrictions indicate that smoking does not conform to standard practices that the society considers as moral. Consequently, negative attitude towards smoking and smokers contributes to the emergence of policies aimed at illegalizing tobacco usage within the society. It is imperative that most society’s associates are smoking to immoral behaviors and views it as an act that needs termination.

Ethical concerns and how to ad dress them during the project

Diverse ethical concerns will arise during the report. Ethical considerations during the project will include getting permission from the subjects of study and assuring subjects of utmost confidentiality. Enhancing fairness, honesty, and avoidance of any harm that may result from the research is vital during the project. Informing subjects of all possible risks is a vital ethical concern. Researchers will be responsible for addressing all the ethical concerns that arise during the project.

Intended Procedure

The study will employ the use of implicit association test (IAT) to ascertain whether global smoking attitudes drives smoking behavior. IAT relates to a social psychological measure designed to detect the strength of an individuals’ relation between mental representations of concepts in memory. IAT involves a computerized reaction against time task that measures the extent of attitude towards an immoral act. The study test would enable the researcher to understand psychological relationship and attitude towards unethical behaviors such as smoking.

Procedure involved would include an initial individualized questionnaire analysis followed by IAT. IAT would help in eliminating dishonest opinions towards smoking.

Priming Pictures

The pictures below depicts societal implications of smoking effects. Picture 2 confers health hazards associated with smoking. It is imperative that the society have a general negative attitude towards smoking evidently from the picture.

Picture 1

(Adapted from Hennessy, Michael, et al, 2014)

Picture 2

(Adapted from Vakeffliu, Ylli, et al, 2013)

Works Cited

Do, Young Kyung, and Mary Ann Bautista. “Medical Students Tobacco Use And Attitudes Towards Tobacco Control.” Medical Education 47.6 (2013): 607-616.

Hennessy, Michael, et al. “The Effect Of Household Smoking Bans On Household Smoking.” American Journal Of Public Health 104.4 (2014): 721-727.

Macy, Jonathan T., Laurie Chassin, and Clark C. Presson. “The Association between Implicit and Explicit Attitudes toward Smoking and Support for Tobacco Control Measures.” Nicotine & Tobacco Research 15.1 (2013): 291-296.

Vakeffliu, Ylli, et al. “Tobacco Smoking Habits, Attitudes, and Beliefs among Albanian Nurse Students.” ISRN Pulmonology (2013): 1-4.

Elitewriterhelp.com is an online academic writing site that provides a variety of services to students and professionals in need of essay, dissertation, and research paper assistance. This website was founded by experienced writers and editors who understand the needs of today’s student community. With their help, students can get a well-written paper without having to worry about the quality or accuracy of their content.

Elitewriterhelp.com offers a wide range of services that are designed to meet the needs of any student or professional looking for some extra help with their academic work. From simple editing services to complete custom writing pieces, they have something for everyone! Their team consists of highly qualified writers and editors who have years of experience in both academia and industry sectors across all fields such as English literature, nursing sciences, medical science, engineering design & technology, accounting & finance etc., making them one of the best providers around when it comes to providing quality content writing services.

When it comes to their custom writing service, Elitewriterhelp.com provides everything from essays & dissertations to research papers & lab reports; all written according to your exact specifications & requirements so that you can be sure your professor will be impressed with what you submit! They also provide formatting help which includes APA/MLA/Chicago style formatting for those stuck on tedious details like citations or bibliography entries; perfect for those last-minute assignments!

For those looking for proofreading & editing services instead; Elitewriterhelp.com has you covered too! The team at this website offer professional copyediting which can check grammar errors and spellings mistakes while still preserving your original voice within the text; ensuring that whatever piece you submit looks great while still sounding exactly how you want it do sound! What’s more is if required they can also provide advice on how best to improve certain parts in order make sure your work meets the criteria set by your professors so no marks are lost due to minor mistakes made in hurry or ignorance.

Last but not least is Elitewriterhelp’s paraphrasing service which helps take care off any plagiarism risks associated with submission an assignment where quotes are used extensively taken from sources outside class materials (eBooks etc.). The team will ensure that anything being submitted sounds fresh while leaving out any potential legal issues plaguing people using other authors works without proper permission given first when appropriate credit isn’t given otherwise – definitely something worth investing into before submitting examples cited within studies found elsewhere apart from class material sources only mentioned once during seminars etc..

To sum up: Elitewriterhelp offers students access top-notch custom writing pieces as well as editing/proofreading packages for existing ones already written – perfect for double checking against silly grammatical errors / typos overlooked during initial composition stages meaning there’s always hope even when running short on time ahead up coming deadlines looming near after long lectures spent inside classrooms sat away from laptops used mainly taking notes by hand easily misplaceable later down line afterwards rendering past efforts worthless sadly…

Elite Writer Help
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.


Essay Writing Service

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.


Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.


Editing Support

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.


Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.