Qmb 3600 final exam | Business & Finance

1.         This problem is in reference to students who may or may not take advantage of the     opportunities provided in QMB such as homework.  Some of the students pass the     course, and some of them do not pass. Research indicates that 40% of the students do   the assigned homework. Of the students who do homework, there is an 80% chance they will pass the course. The probability of not passing if the student does not do the home    work is 90%.  What is the probability of a student not doing homework or     passing?
 
A.        .32
B.        .52
C.        .94
D.        .92
E.        .38
 
2.         Suppose that for a certain football game the probability that the home team will be       ahead at half-time is 0.60 and the probability that the home team will be ahead at half-        time as well as at the final gun is 0.45.  What is the probability that the home team will win this game given that it is ahead at the half?
 
A.        .45
B.        .75
C.        .15
D.        .27
E.        None of the above.
 
3.         A company markets two products (Product A and Product B) through mail order.  The          company will market them in sequence with the first mail order offer for product A.  It f        feels that there is a 30% chance that any customer will purchase product A. Product B is     offered some months later.  It is felt, for product B, that there is a 30% chance of selling            product B to a customer if the customer purchased product A and a 5% chance of             selling   product B to a customer who did not purchase product A.
 
            What is the probability of not selling product B to a particular customer?
 
A.        .875
B.        .665
C.        .125
D.        .210
E.        None of the above
 
 
4.         A quality control department finds that it accepted only 5% of all bad items and it        rejected only 1% of good items. A supplier has just delivered a shipment of a certain          item. Past records show that only 90% of the parts of that supplier are good. If the    department accepts an item, what is the probability that the item is bad?  Round your      answer to five decimal places.
 
A.        0.05000
B.        0.00558
C.        0.35714
D.        0.09635
E.        None of the above
 
5.         The probability that house sales will increase over the next six months is estimated at   0.25. It is also estimated that the probability is 0.74 that 30 year fixed-loan mortgage rates will increase over this period. Economists estimate that the probability is 0.89 that            either housing sales or interest rates will increase.
 
      The probability that both house sales and interest rates will increase is estimated at:
      A.        .100  
      B.        .185 
      C.        .705 
      D.        .900
      E.         .500
 
6.         Over the last 100 business days, Harry had 20 customers on 30 of those days, 25      customers on 20 days, 35 customers on 30 days, 40 customers on 10 days, and 45    customers on 10 days. What is the variance of the number of Harry’s customers?
 
A.        30
B.        38
C.        59
D.        75
E.        83
 
7.         What is the probability that exactly 1 out of 10 cars experience a breakdown if the probability of a breakdown is 30%?
A.        .5121
B.        .1211
C.        .0282
D.        .3828
E.        .4276
 
8.         An accounts receivable auditor is examining accounts for a client. The accounts           receivable balance can be considered as a continuous random variable that     exhibits normal distribution characteristics. The mean amount due per account is        $5000. The standard deviation is $1000. The auditor selects an account at random.
 
            The probability that the account selected by the Auditor has a balance which is outside            of the range between $6500 and $7000 is:
 
A.        .05
B.        .10
C.        1.20
D.        .96
E.        .00
 
9.         Suppose the length of time (in days) between sales for an automobile salesperson        is          modeled as an exponential distribution with a mean of 2 days. What is the       probability        the salesperson goes more than 5 days without a sale? 
 
A.        .75
B.        .92
C.        .08
D.        .40
E.        None of the above.
 
10.       During lunch time, customers arrive at Joe’s Lunch counter according to a Poisson      distribution with an average of 2 per 30 second period. What is the probability of having   more than two arrivals in a two-minute period?
 
A.        .9863
B.        .9970
C.        .0027
D         .7619
E.        None of the above
 

Use the following to answer questions 11-12
 
The new owner of a beauty shop is trying to decide whether to hire one, two, or three beauticians. She estimates that profits next year (in thousands of dollars) will vary with demand for her services and has estimated demand in three categories low, medium and high.
 

 
11.   If she uses the optimistic criterion, how many beauticians will she decide to hire?

A.        one
B.        two
C.        three
D.        either one or two
E.         either two or three

 
12.   If she uses the minimax regret criterion, how many beauticians will she decide to hire?

A.        one
B.        two
C.        three
D.        either one or two
E.         either two or three

 

Use the following decision tree to respond to the next 5 questions:
 

13.       What is the expected value at node 4?
 

A.        47.50
B.         43.75
C.        70.00
D.        45.00
E.         71.25
 

14.       What is the expected value of perfect information?
 
A.        45.00
B.         40.00
C.        10.00
D.        5.00
E.         49.25
 
15.       What is the expected value at node 2?
A.        35.00
B.         7.50
C.        47.50
D.        49.50
E.         55.00
 
16.       What is the best decision strategy for the manager?
A.        Do not do the survey, select a large store
B.         Do not do the survey, select a Small store

C.        Do the survey. If the survey shows low demand then select a small store;
If the survey shows high demand then select a large store.
D.        Do the survey. If the survey shows low demand then select a large store;
If the survey shows high demand then select a small store.
E.         None of the above is correct
 

17.       What is the expected value of sample information?

A.        45.00
B.         71.25
C.        49.50
D.        1.25
E.         4.50
 

18.       A statistician working for a car manufacturer developed a statistical model for predicting delivery time (the number of days between ordering a car and actual       delivery) of a particular model for which there is a range of factory-fitted options.  Use       the output below to forecast the difference in delivery times for cars with 6 options and             9 options, rounded to two decimal places.
 
 A.       4.38
 B.       3.28
 C.       6.58
 D.       9.84
 E.       29.73

 

19.       Given the table below what is the MAD and the MSE?
 

 
MAD = ___________________     MSE = ___________________________
 
 
 

20.       The Acme Computer Company has recorded sales of one of its products for a six-week period:  Using the three-week simple moving-average method, forecast sales for week 7.

A.        20
B.         21
C.        22
D.        23
F.         24
 

 
 
 
 
21.     Shown below are data that reflect the number of daily traffic accidents at a dangerous city intersection. The regression equation is: number of accidents = 5.3 + 0.5 t
          What is the forecasted number of accidents for day 6?
                    Day (t)           number of accidents
                           1                     5       
                           2                      7    
                           3                     8
                           4                      6
                           5                      8
 

A.        8.0
B.         5.8
C.        8.3
D.        0.6
E.         9.0

 

22.  The following table contains the number of consumer complaints received in a Publix supermarket in Florida.  Use exponential smoothing with a constant of α = 0.33 to forecast the number of complaints in March, round to the nearest whole number of complaints.

 
Month                 Number of Complaints
January                               36
February                             45
March                                 81
April                                   90
May                                  108
June                                  144

A.        39
B.         42
C.        45
D.        53
E.         64

For the next 3 questions, consider the following summary output from Microsoft Excel for a simple regression of Halliburton (ticker symbol HAL) weekly stock prices on the S&P500 stock index, for the period January 2004 through August 2006.

              Df

23.    According to the regression model, the correlation between Halliburton’s stock price and the S&P500 index value is:
 

A.  Positive.
B.  Negative.
C.  Significant and either positive or negative.
D.  Significant, but it cannot be determined whether the correlation is positive or negative.
E.  Not significant.

24.     The regression model ABOVE is:

A.  Not significant, because the standard error of the intercept is high compared to the
standard error of the independent variable.
B.  Significant at the 0.01 level, because the coefficient of determination is less than 0.05.
C.  Significant at the 0.05 level, because the p-value is less than 0.05.
D.  Not significant, because the coefficient of determination is larger than 1.0.
E.  Significant at the 0.01 level, because the t-statistic is negative.

25.    According to the regression model ABOVE, when the S&P 500 index value is 1,000, the forecasted Halliburton stock price is:

A.        $29.75/share.
B.        $0.35/share.
C.        $122/share.
D.        $121.65/share.
E.        Cannot be determined from the tabulated data.
 
 
The S&P index value must be ________ for the Halliburton stock to be priced at $24.75

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26.    Corporate AAA bond interest rates for 12 consecutive months are 9.5%, 9.3%, 9.4%, 9.6%, 9.8%, 9.7%, 9.8%, 10.5%, 9.9%, 9.7%, 9.6% and 9.6%. The three-month weighted moving average forecast (with weights 0.2, 0.4 and 0.4 – from oldest to most recent respectively) for the next month, rounded to two decimal places, is:

 
A.           9.60%
B.           9.65%
C.           9.70%
D.           9.62%
E.           None of the above.

 

Questions 27 & 28 apply to this information: Quill Manufacturing Business makes two models of marking pens. An unlabeled graph for this problem and the requirements for each lot of pens in the three manufacturing departments are given below. All three departments are necessary in the production of both types of pens. The profit for either kind of pen is $1000 per lot.  An unlabeled graph for this problem is given below. The dotted line represents the objective function line.
 

Available production hrs.

 
 
27.       What is the optimal production quantity of the Fliptop model?

A.        5 lots
B.        4 lots
C.        2 lots
D.        7 lots
E.        6 lots
28.       If all the constraint inequalities in the original problem were ≥, then the following is true:
 
A.        The value of the objective function at the optimum solution is zero
B.        There will be multiple optimal solutions
C.        The problem will become unbounded
D.        The problem has a unique solution
E.        None of the above is true
 
 
 
29.       Let M be the number of units to make and B be the number of units to buy of a certain            product. If it costs $2 to make a unit and $3 to buy a unit and 4000 units are needed, the    objective function of the LP model to minimize the cost of      production would be,
A.        Min 4000 (M + B)
B.        Max 8000M + 12000B
C.        Min 2M + 3B
D.        Max 2M + 3B
E.        Min 4000U -2M-3B
 

30.       The Quiet Meadow Studio sells photographs and prints.  It cost $20 to purchase each photograph and it takes 2 hours to frame it.  It costs $25 to purchase each print and it takes 5 hours to frame it.  The store has at most $400 to spend and        at most 60 hours to frame. 
It makes $30 profit on each photograph and $50 profit on each print. Determine the maximum profit.
 

A.        360
B.        600
C.        700
D.        740
E.        800
 

 
Questions 31 & 32 apply to this information:  Quality Bike Maps has produced four map designs for the local area. A limited amount of time (in minutes) is allocated to the printing, cutting and folding of each map. Additionally, at least one thousand of map designs A, B, and C must be printed.  The profit per map is $1 for A and B and $2 for C and D.  The Excel output is provided below. 
Max Profit = A + B + 2 C + 2 D

s.t.
           A + 2 B + 3 C + 3 D    1000                                               Print C
       

Microsoft Excel 14.0 Sensitivity Report

 
 
 
 

 

Objective Function Value  $10,166.67

 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Variable Cells

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

Final

Reduced

Objective

Allowable

Allowable

 

Cell

Name

Value

Cost

Coefficient

Increase

Decrease

 

$B$18

Map A

1500

0

1

1

0.333333333

 

$C$18

Map B

1000

0

1

0.333333333

1E+30

 

$D$18

Map C

1000

0

2

0.333333333

1E+30

 

$E$18

Map D

2833.333333

0

2

1

0.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Constraints

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

Final

Shadow

Constraint

Allowable

Allowable

 

Cell

Name

Value

Price

R.H. Side

Increase

Decrease

 

$B$24

    Print

15000

0.5

15000

1000

5666.666667

 

$B$25

    Cut

16500

0

20000

1E+30

3500

 

$B$26

    Fold

20000

0.166666667

20000

7000

1000

 

$B$27

    Print A

1500

0

1000

500

1E+30

 

$B$28

    Print B

1000

-0.33333333

1000

1750

1000

 

$B$29

    Print C

1000

-0.33333333

1000

500

1000

 
31.       Answer the following question using the Excel output above. Which constraint(s) are binding?

A.        Print and Fold
B.        Cut and Print A
C.        Print B and Print C
D.        Print and Cut
E.        Print, Fold, Print B and Print C
 
32.       Answer the following question using the Excel output above. Keeping within the confines of the problem, the profit on Map A has increased by one dollar.  Determine the new objective function value.
 
A.        1,500
B.        11,166.67
C.        11,500.67
D.        11,666.67
E.        12,566.67
 

33.       Quentin Magic Brown manufactures sports shoes and wants to maximize the company’s profits. The company makes two types of sport shoe, Airwalkers and Bouncy Basketball shoes.  The company earns $10 profit on each pair of Airwalkers and $18 profit on each pair of Bouncy Basketball shoes.
The manufacturing process includes cutting the materials on a machine and having workers assemble the pieces.  Each pair of Airwalkers requires 3 minutes of cutting time and the Bouncy Basketball shoes require 2 minutes. The machines that cut the material can run at most 1200 minutes a week.
Each worker takes 7 hours to assemble a pair of Airwalkers and 8 hours to assemble a pair of Bouncy Basketball shoes; the maximum number of hours available is 3500 per week. 
Determine the maximum profit for this problem? 
 
A.        $3200
B.         $4000
C.        $4280
D.        $6295
E.         $7875
 

Questions 34-37 apply to the Excel output for the Quantum Mo-Botics model is below. The company makes three types of machines and has limitations with regards to the amount of skilled and unskilled labor hours available and time on the assembly line.
 
MAX Profit = 800SemiAuto+1000Robotic + 500Manual
s.t.
                         30SemiAuto + 100Robotic + 45Manual

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